What Types of Contraception Are Available?

If you’re thinking about starting a new relationship, you may have questions about what different types of contraception are available. This article will look at the most common types, including the condom, emergency contraceptive pills, IUD, and Combined hormonal contraception. Your new partner should also discuss this with you, as contraception affects both partners. Contraception is necessary for both partners to avoid unplanned pregnancy, since the sperm released during sex can fertilize an egg and implant in the uterus, resulting in pregnancy. If you lead an active sex life keep in mind the importance of regular check ups with a doctor and STI symptom checker.


Contraception can take many forms and are available in different materials. Condoms, for example, are a barrier contraception method, which prevents contact between the penis shaft and the opposite genitalia. There are many different kinds of condoms available, as well as various sizes, materials, and colours. They are also often designed with reservoir tips that pool ejaculate and protect against certain sexually transmitted diseases.

woman's hand holding a condom


One type of IUDs is hormonal. These devices deliver progestin only to the uterus. The amount of hormone in the IUD varies between manufacturers, but dosing does not necessarily mean that a higher hormone dose results in fewer side effects. One type of IUD contains a copper wire wrapped around it. Copper IUDs are safe for most women and can function as an emergency contraception method when you need to avoid conception.

Emergency contraceptive pills

Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) are an oral form of contraception that prevent pregnancy after intercourse. There are three types of ECPs: levonorgestrel, ulipristal acetate, and combined pills. Yuzpe regimen contains both levonorgestrel and progestin. A newer type is enteric-coated levonorgestrel ECP. It dissolves in the intestine, thus preventing pregnancy.

Combined hormonal contraception

Combined hormonal contraception is used by nearly 70% of women worldwide. Combined hormonal contraceptives may not be the best choice for women with certain medical conditions. Some contraindications to combined hormonal contraception include certain cancers, sickle cell disease, porphyria, and haemolytic uraemic syndrome. Women with certain conditions should consult their healthcare providers before starting this form of contraception. Several contraindications to combined hormonal contraception include pregnancy, high blood pressure, or a history of pregnancy. If disease were to occur consult your doctor and STI symptom checker

Natural family planning

You may have heard of the Billings method, also called cervical mucus tracking or vulva tracking. You may have heard of it in combination with calendar tracking or symptom thermal tracking. These are both methods of natural family planning that do not use drugs or hormones. These methods do not have negative side effects are more affordable than most other forms of contraception. Whether you decide to use the Billings method or not, it is important to follow the recommended procedures. If you are looking for other ways to keep up your health check out our article on health.

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